We discuss the function of wide-scale destruction and ruins in apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic films such as “Planet of the Apes”, “Independence Day”, “2012”, “The Day After Tomorrow”, “The Road”, “12 Monkeys”, “I am Legend”, and “Don’t Look Up”.


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  • Weinstein, Beth. “The City’s End.” Places Journal, no. 2010 (January 14, 2010). https://doi.org/10.22269/100114.
  • Wilson, Scott. “Cities of Wrecked Desire: Post-Apocalyptic Cinema and Ruin Pornography.” In ACTAS ICONO14 – V Congresso Internacional Cidades Criativas, edited by Ernesto Taborda-Hernández, 1:514–23, 2017
  • Woodward, Christopher. In Ruins: A Journey Through History, Art, and Literature. New York: Vintage Books, 2010.
  • Woodward, Richard B. “Disaster Photography: When Is Documentary Exploitation?” ARTnews, February 6, 2013. https://www.artnews.com/art-news/news/the-debate-over-ruin-porn-2170/

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